Forgiveness and Reconciliation

Religion, Public Policy, and Conflict Transformation

Edited by Raymond G. Helmick (1931–2016) Rodney L. Petersen

Foreword by Desmond M. Tutu

his book brings together a unique combination of experts in the area of conflict resolution and focuses on the role forgiveness can play in the process. It deals with the theology, public policy, psychological and social theory, and social policy implementation of forgiveness.

The first section of the book explores how ideas like "forgiveness" and "reconciliation" are moving out from the seminary and academy into the world of public policy, and how these terms have been used and defined in the past. One of the contributors, Miroslav Volf, speaks to the Christian contribution of a more peaceful environment. The second section looks at forgiveness and public policy. One of the chapters, by Donald W. Shriver Jr., addresses forgiveness in a secular political forum.

The third section of the book draws us to a more particular analysis of the relationship between forgiveness and reconciliation from voices in the academic and theological community. John Paul Lederach presents five qualities of practice in support of the reconciliation process. John Dawson gives hope for peace-making in a new century. The final section highlights the work of practitioners currently working with religion, public policy, and conflict transformation, particularly in areas such as Ireland and Africa. This book will be an essential for libraries, scholars, conflict negotiators, and all people who hope to understand the role of forgiveness in the peace process.

Contributors include: Desmond M. Tutu, Rodney L. Petersen, Miroslav Volf, Stanley S. Harakas, Raymond G. Helmick, SJ, Joseph V. Montville, Douglas M. Johnston, Donna Hicks, Donald W. Shriver, Jr., Everett L. Worthington, Jr., John Paul Lederach, Ervin Staub, Laurie Anne Pearlman, John Dawson, Audrey R. Chapman, Olga Botcharova, Anthony da Silva, SJ, Geraldine Smythe, OP, Andrea Bartoli, Ofelia Ortega, and George F. R. Ellis.

Foreword / ix
Archbishop Desmond M. Tutu

Acknowledgments / xv

Introduction / xvii
Raymond G. Helmick, S.J.,& Rodney L. Petersen

Part I. The Theology of Forgiveness

1. A Theology of Forgiveness: Terminology, Rhetoric, and the Dialectic of Interfaith Relationships / 3
Rodney L. Petersen

2. Forgiveness, Reconciliation, and Justice: A Christian Contribution to a More Peaceful Social Environment / 27
Miroslav Volf

3. Forgiveness and Reconciliation: An Orthodox Perspective / 51
Stanley S. Harakas

Part II. Forgiveness and Public Policy

4. Does Religion Fuel or Heal in Conflicts? / 81
Raymond G. Helmick, S.J.

5. Religion and Peacemaking / 97
Joseph V. Montville

6. Religion and Foreign Policy / 117
Douglas M. Johnston Jr.

7. The Role of Identity Reconstruction in Promoting Reconciliation / 129
Donna Hicks

8. Forgiveness: A Bridge Across Abysses of Revenge / 151
Donald W. Shriver Jr.

Part III. Forgiveness and Reconciliation

9. Unforgiveness, Forgiveness, and Reconciliation and Their Implications for Societal Interventions / 171
Everett L. Worthington Jr.

10. Five Qualities of Practice in Support of Reconciliation Processes / 193
John Paul Lederach

11. Healing, Reconciliation, and Forgiving after Genocide and Other Collective Violence / 205
Ervin Staub and Laurie Anne Pearlman

12. Hatred’s End: A Christian Proposal to Peacemaking in a New Century / 229
John Dawson

Part IV. Seeking Forgiveness after Tragedy

13. Truth Commissions as Instruments of Forgiveness and Reconciliation / 257
Audrey R. Chapman

14. Implementation of Track Two Diplomacy: Developing a Model of Forgiveness / 279
Olga Botcharova

15. Through Nonviolence to Truth: Gandhi’s Vision of Reconciliation / 305
Anthony da Silva, S.J.

16. Brokenness, Forgiveness, Healing, and Peace in Ireland / 329
Geraldine Smyth, O.P.

17. Forgiveness and Reconciliation in the Mozambique Peace Process / 361

Andrea Bartoli

18. Conversion as a Way of Life in Cultures of Violence / 383
Ofelia Ortega

Afterword: Exploring the Unique Role of Forgiveness / 395
George F. R. Ellis

Appendix / 411

List of Contributors / 433

Index / 441